For many people, green tea is a great complement to everyday meals. It is worth appreciating, however, not only for its unique taste but also for numerous health-promoting properties. Green tea is a particularly valuable medicinal drink that can effectively support the prevention and treatment of many diseases.
Why should we include it in our diet? What makes green tea different?
The healing properties of green tea have been known since ancient times. In traditional Chinese medicine, it was considered to relieve pain, strengthen immunity and purify the body. Its multidirectional beneficial effects have been confirmed by numerous scientific studies and observations. No wonder that with the growing awareness of rational nutrition, green tea is becoming more and more popular. The unique properties of green tea are primarily related to the technology of its production. Green tea does not undergo fermentation. To obtain it, the freshly plucked leaves are subjected to hot steam for about 35-40 seconds. This process allows you to stop the oxidation of some substances, and thus – preserve all the wealth of active ingredients. Thanks to this, green tea is distinguished by, among others, high content of polyphenols and vitamins. The most important components of green tea are compounds with antioxidant properties – catechins and flavonoids. It is also an excellent source of some minerals (including fluorine, potassium, calcium, zinc) and vitamins (including A, B, C, E). However, the composition of the leaves may vary slightly depending on the place of origin, harvest time, growing conditions and the age of the plant. Green tea is mainly grown in Japan, China and Taiwan. The most popular species include Sencha, Bancha, Kukicha, Matcha, Gunpowder, Hojicha. Different teas have different flavours and aromas – some are delicate, others more expressive. Therefore, it is worth choosing them according to your preferences.
How does green tea affect the body?
The polyphenols found in green tea protect the body against the negative effects of free radicals responsible for the development of many civilization diseases. Their anti-cancer activity raises particular hopes. Polyphenols can inhibit and delay the development of neoplasms (including skin, lungs, gastrointestinal tract). Due to its ability to lower blood cholesterol and a positive effect on blood vessels, green tea can be useful in the prevention of atherosclerosis, hypertension, strokes, heart disease, and blood clots. The compounds contained in the infusion penetrate the nervous tissue and bind iron ions, influencing the development of neurodegenerative diseases. Therefore, drinking green tea can inhibit the development of senile dementia, Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease. Green tea is also anti-inflammatory and antibacterial. Its regular intake reduces rheumatic ailments and skin inflammation and helps in the fight against caries, dental and gum diseases. Green tea is also valued as an effective weight loss aid. The catechins contained in it reduce the deposition of adipose tissue and inhibit weight gain. A health-promoting drink additionally accelerates metabolism and reduces appetite, thanks to which it helps to maintain optimal weight. The unusual infusion should also be used to prepare a home detoxification treatment. Green tea regulates the work of the liver and kidneys and facilitates the excretion of toxins. It can therefore perfectly cleanse the body of harmful substances. Green tea is also widely used in cosmetics. The extracts obtained from it reduce cellulite, inhibit skin ageing and soothe the problems of oily and acne-prone skin. Drinking a unique infusion can be a way of longevity. The healing drink stimulates the immune system and improves the body’s overall ability to cope with adverse environmental factors. Thanks to this, it can extend your life.
How to prepare green tea?
To get all the valuable properties out of green tea, and at the same time not to lose the taste, it is worth taking care of the proper preparation of the infusion. It is best to brew green tea for 1.5-3 minutes. So prepared, it will have refreshing properties. If we want to use it when relaxing, we should slightly extend the brewing time. Green tea can usually be brewed two or three times. For its preparation, use water at a temperature of 60-80 ℃. To enjoy the great taste of the drink, use soft, slightly acidic water with a low content of chlorine, iron and magnesium.
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